In this post, we will see some Swarm commands that could help us in our docker projects.
But first of all, what is Docker Swarm?
Docker Swarm is an orchestration management tool that runs on Docker applications and it helps us in creating and deploying a cluster of Docker nodes.
Swarm is directly integrated into the Docker CLI and it means we don’t need to add any additional orchestration software or other tools to create or manage a swarm.
We can say that Swarm is similar at Kubernetes with less features but is a perfectly fine solution for smaller workloads.
For all information: https://docs.docker.com/engine/swarm/
FOR THIS POST I HAVE USED A WINDOWS MACHINE BUT, THE COMMANDS, ARE THE SAME FOR LINUX AND MAC TOO.
CREATION OF A SWARM CLUSTER
docker swarm init
LIST OF NODES
docker node ls
RETRIEVE THE JOIN COMMAND FOR A WORKER NODE
docker swarm join-token manager
DEPLOY A SERVICE TO THE SWARM
A service is the definition of the tasks to execute in the nodes.
When we create a service, we have to specify which container image to use and the commands to execute inside running containers.
For example, if we want to create a service to run a MongoDB container specifying the root user, we can run the command:
docker service create --name dockermongo -e MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_USERNAME=admindb -e MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_PASSWORD=pass123 mongo
LIST OF SERVICES
docker service ls
GET SERVICE’S DETAILS
docker service inspect 'name of instance'
SCALE A SERVICE
docker service scale 'name of instance'='number of instance'
LIST OF ALL INSTANCES OF A SERVICE
docker service ps 'name of instance'
REMOVE A SERVICE
docker service rm 'name of instance'
CREATING A STACK
With Docker Swarm, we can use docker stack deploy to deploy a complete application stack to the swarm. The deploy command accepts a stack description in the form of a Compose file.
First of all, we define a docker-compose file called docker-compose.yml:
version: '3' services: dockermongo: image: mongo environment: - MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_USERNAME=admindb - MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_PASSWORD=pass123 volumes: - dbmongo:/data/db ports: - 27017:27017 dockermongoexpress: image: mongo-express restart: always ports: - 8081:8081 environment: - ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_ADMINUSERNAME=admindb - ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_ADMINPASSWORD=pass123 - ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_SERVER=dockermongo volumes: dbmongo: driver: local
Then, in order to create a Stack, we run the command:
docker stack deploy 'name stack '-c 'name file docker compose'
LIST OF STACKS
docker stack ls
docker stack ps 'name stack'
LEAVE THE SWARM CLUSTER
docker swarm leave --force