Angular – How to pass values between components using the route state

By | 29/11/2019

In this post, we will see how to pass values between two components, using the router state attribute (from Angular 7.0.2), creating a method to modify the username property in our usual project.

First of all, we add a link button in the listusers component for using a method called goedit to update the username property:


<table class="table">
        <th scope="col">#</th>
        <th scope="col">Id</th>
        <th scope="col">Username</th>
        <th scope="col">TypeUser</th>
        <th scope="col">Create Date</th>
        <th scope="col">Functions</th>
    <tbody *ngFor="let item of lstUsers; index as i"> 
            <button type="button" class="btn btn-success" (click)="goedit(">Edit</button>
            <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" (click)="openModal(template, item.username,">Delete</button>


    // go to the edit Component and pass the User ID selected in a variable called idUser
    this.router.navigateByUrl('edit', { state: { idUser: id } });

Now, in the service “webapiuser”, we add the methods for getting and for updating User:

updateUser(inputUser: User){
    return this.http.put<User>(this.webapiUserUrl + '/user', inputUser);

  getUser(userId: number){
    return this.http.get<User>(this.webapiUserUrl + "/user/" + userId);

Then, we create a component called edituser (ng g c edituser), where we will write the code for updating the username:


<div class="jumbotron">
    <div class="container">
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-md-6 offset-md-3">
                <h3>Modify User Name</h3>
                <form [formGroup]="userForm" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>User Name</label>
                        <input type="text" formControlName="username"  class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.username.errors }" />
                        <div *ngIf="submitted && f.username.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                            <div *ngIf="f.username.errors.required">User Name is required</div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Type User Name</label>
                        <input type="text" formControlName="typeUserName" class="form-control" />
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <button class="btn btn-primary">Save</button>


import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { User } from '../user';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
import { WebapiuserService } from '../webapiuser.service';
import { FormBuilder, FormGroup, Validators } from '@angular/forms';

  selector: 'app-edituser',
  templateUrl: './edituser.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./edituser.component.css']
export class EdituserComponent implements OnInit {

  constructor(private formBuilder: FormBuilder, private serviceuser: WebapiuserService, public router: Router) { 
    this.userForm ={
      'username': ['', Validators.required],
      'typeUserName': ['', Validators.required]

  objUser: User;
  idUserGet: number;
  userForm: FormGroup;
  submitted = false;

  // easy access to form fields
  get f() { return this.userForm.controls; }
  ngOnInit() {
    // We read the 'User ID' from browser’s history object
    this.idUserGet = history.state.idUser;
    // call the service to take the user
    this.serviceuser.getUser(this.idUserGet).subscribe(data => {
    this.objUser = data;
    // put the values in the form
    // disable the typeUserName

    this.submitted = true;

    // stop here if form is invalid
    if (this.userForm.invalid) {
    this.objUser.username = this.userForm.controls.username.value;

    // call the method to update a user
    // if it's ok, call the method updateOK
    data => this.updateOK(),
    error => console.log("Error", error)

    // go to User List

Finally, in order to use the new edituser component, we have to modify the routing file

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';
import { ListusersComponent } from './listusers/listusers.component';
import { HomepageComponent} from './homepage/homepage.component';
import { NewuserComponent} from './newuser/newuser.component';
import { NewusertdComponent } from './newusertd/newusertd.component';
import { EdituserComponent } from './edituser/edituser.component';

const routes: Routes = [
  { path: '', pathMatch: 'full', redirectTo: 'homepage'},
  { path: 'homepage', component: HomepageComponent },
  { path: 'listusers', component: ListusersComponent },
  { path: 'newuser', component: NewuserComponent },
  { path: 'newuser2', component: NewusertdComponent },
  { path: 'edit', component: EdituserComponent },
  { path: '**', pathMatch: 'full', redirectTo: 'homepage' }  
  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
export class AppRoutingModule { }

In order to verify everything works fine, we run the application (ng serve), we open a browser and go to: http://localhost:4200/




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