Docker – How to override environment variables

By | 03/07/2020

In this post, we will see how to override the connection string of the Web API Docker image, created in the post Docker – Web API and Sql Server

In this project we have two connections strings, defined in appsettings.json:

"AllowedHosts": "*",
  "ConnectionStrings": {
    "DbConnectionForDocker": "Server=;Database=TestDocker1;User Id=xx;Password=xxxx",
    "DbAzureConnection": ",1433;Initial Catalog=dockertest;Persist Security Info=False;User ID=xxxxxx;Password=xxxxx;MultipleActiveResultSets=False;Encrypt=True;TrustServerCertificate=False;Connection Timeout=30;"

and, before we created our Docker image, we have selected the last one in Startup.cs:

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    services.AddDbContext<DataContext>(options => {

    services.AddScoped<IUserCore, UserCore>();
    services.AddScoped<IUnitOfWork, UnitOfWork>();
    services.AddScoped<IUserRepository, UserRepository>();


Now, if we run this container, using the command docker run -p 80:80 commander2020/webapidocker,
this will be the result:

The application works fine and it uses the Azure SqlServer database.

But, how can we run the application, using for example a database on premises, without modify the Docker images?
We can override the environment variables, using the options -e of the docker run command.
For example, if we want to run another Docker container, using a database called “TestDocker1” that runs in the server, we have to execute the command: docker run -p 8088:80 commander2020/webapidocker -e “ConnectionStrings:DbAzureConnection”=”Server=;Database=TestDocker1;User Id=xx;Password=xxxxx”

Now, if we open a browser and we go to http://localhost:8088/users, this will be the result:

Finally, using the command docker ps –all, we can see the two docker containers running in our system:

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